The project REMEMBER: REsearch and Music CommEMorating the Victims of Totalitarian Regimes in Bulgaria and Eastern EuRope, is funded with the support of the European Union under the Programme “Europe for Citizens”.

The aim of the project is to provoke young people through the language of art, and in particular the language of music, to learn more about the tragic events of our recent past so that the mistakes of communism are remembered and never repeated.

The leading partner in the project is the Belene Island Foundation with partners:
Maximilian Kolbe Foundation, Germany,
Pitesti Prison Memorial Foundation, Romania,
Goli Otok Foundation “ANTE ZEMLJAR”, Croatia,
Justice and Peace Foundation, Albania,

The project took place in five partner countries: Bulgaria, Albania, Croatia, Germany and Romania in the period 09.2019 – 02.2023.

More than 6080 people were involved in the 5 project events: Music/art contest, Concert, Conference, Mobile and virtual exhibition and Stage performance.

Short report of the events can be found here.



Participation: 131 young artists participated in the event, including 97 participants from Bulgaria, 11 participants from Romania, 18 participants from Albania, 3 participants from Croatia, 2 participants from Germany.

Location / Dates: The event took place in Bulgaria, Romania, Albania, Croatia and Germany from 20/09.2019 to 20.01.2020 
Short description: Nowadays art, and especially music, has big impact on values formation of young people. The aim of the Music/art contest is to raise awareness about the totalitarian communist regimes in Eastern Europe and by the means of art and music to provoke the engagement of the young people. The REMEMBER Song Contest was organized in each of the five partners countries. In order to educate, motivate and engage the participants, the announcement of the contest was accompanied by the provision of illustrative and textual information, related to the history of the camps/prisons and fates of artists who were persecuted for their work. Twenty-five new songs were created, some of them based on poems, written from the victims. The respectful jury in each country has nominated the winners. Their songs were recorded in a professional studio and a CD with all the songs, lyrics and English translations was released in 7000 copies. The winners from the different countries were presented at the Final Concert in Sofia.

Students from New Bulgarian University were involved with posters on the theme “Music behind the Iron Curtain” as part of the educational program of the Department of Design, inspired by the REMEMBER project.

More information:

The Bulgarian jury, which evaluated the young Bulgarian participants in the Contest, consisted of well-known Bulgarian musicians, journalists, etc., who were involved in the various stages of the project and gave their unreserved support to project initiatives.

Painout , band from Varna, recording their song in Audioslot studio


Dust , band from Gabrovo, during the recording in Audioslot studio


The German participant Sofia-Anji Georgiev, who has Bulgarian roots, chose to record her song in Bulgaria and to learn more about the fate of her grandparents who were repressed by the totalitarian regime.


The REMEMBER CD with the songs of the winners of the Contest. In addition to the translated lyrics of all the songs, the CD booklet contains unique portraits of prisoners, secretly painted in Belene labor camp.


German media covered the results of the song contest and the REMEMBER project initiatives. Picture of the German participant with the disks.


Posters “Behind the Iron curtain” by New Bulgarian University students as part of the REMEMBER mobile exhibition.



Participation: 786 people took part in the event, including 778 participants from Bulgaria, 3 participants from Romania, 3 participants from Germany, 2 participants from Albania.

Location / Dates: The two-days event took place in Sofia, Bulgaria, from 19.09.2022 to 20.09.2022
Short description: This was the Final Concert of the participants in the Music Contest, supported by well-known Bulgarian writers, artists and historians. The young musicians were joined on stage by famous Bulgarian bands: Stefan Valdobrev with the Usual Suspects and Vasko the Patch with Poduene Blues Band.
The event was accompanied by rich program of conferences, exhibitions, art installation and films. The variety of activities covered very different aspects of the history of the communist period: the viewpoints of the historians, writers, musicians, priests, public figures, students and young people were mixed and interacted on one event and on one stage.

Here are part of the topics in the conference panels: “The Totalitarian State and Young People”, a panel with experts on history, „Communism and Psychic Trauma“, a panel of the New Bulgarian University, „Socialism at school – the hard lesson“, a panel presenting the school project “My Story of Socialism” 2021 in 91 German Language School in Sofia, “Persecuted for their faith!” a panel with representatives from different religion denominations, literary discussion – with the participation of well-known Bulgarian writers and poets.

Two performances, inspired from REMEMBER project were presented on the stage: “The Forbidden” , work of the Art and Youth Initiatives “The Studio” and „Honor the graves“- with the participation of prof. Yosif Radionov-violin, prof. Angel Stankov-violin, the actors Silvia Lulcheva and Vasil Binev.

The event was accompanied by the following exhibitions and film screenings:

  • VICTIMS WITHOUT EXECUTIONERS: Curatorial project, inspired from REMEMBER, by Andrey Vrabchev, sculptor and arch. Alexander Genchev.
    The exhibition features three artists who show the different faces of the victims of totalitarianism through their works:
    Andrey Vrabchev with his sculpture “Repentance”- Memorial to the Victims of Communism;
    Stoyan Karageorgiev with his 16 stained glasses of martyrs from different parts of the world, killed by different totalitarian regimes;
    Peter Baychev, former prisoner in Belene camp with his portraits of prisoners, secretly painted during his 5-year stay in the camp.
  • REMEMBER Mobile exhibition: All 30 posters were displayed.
  • Virtual exhibition: The 10 short films were presented on the event. (see full description in event 4)
    Part of the Concert was filmed and short movies with the content is spreading on Remember YouTube channel.

More information: (52K people reached)


Andrey Kovachev – MEP on the official opening of the Concert REMEMBER: Art for Freedom and Commemoration


Moments from the performances in the Concert of some of the Bulgarian bands participating in the competition – No More Many More, Painout and People of Maha


The participants from Germany, Romania and Albania were applauded by the audience. On the photos – Sophia-Angie from Germany, Ileana Machedon from Romania and Niki Mjeda from Albania.


The mythical Bulgarian bard Jendema.


Stefan Valdobrev and The Usual Suspects performed at the end of the first day of the event.


Vasko the Patch and Poduene Blues Band closed the event with a two-hour concert. They were joined by Ukrainian singer and guitarist Pavlo Cross.


The panel: “The Totalitarian State and Young People” with moderator Daniela Gorcheva and Assoc. prof. Mihail Gruev, prof. Villy Lilkov and prof. Vladimir Radulov.


The panel „Communism and Psychic Trauma“ with Assoc. prof. Yordan Eftimov-writer, Assoc. prof. Svetlozar Vassilev-psychoanalyst, Ina Simeonova – psychologist


The panel „Socialism at school – the hard lesson“, as an open discussion by Zornitsa Velinova, history teacher, with students from the 91 German High School in Sofia.


The panel “Persecuted for their faith!” with Prof. Momchil Metodiev, Goran Blagoev, Bishop Tihon (BOC) and Father Petko Valov – Catholic Apostolic and Bogdan Patashev, Ambassador of Bulgaria in Vatican City (online)


Literary discussion with the writers: Vladimir Levchev, Teodora Dimova, and Zachary Karabashliev, moderator Daniela Gorcheva.


Association for Art and Youth Initiatives “The Studio” presents the performance “The Forbidden”


“Honor the graves” – performance with the participation prof. Angel Stankov, prof. Yosif Radionov and actors Silvia Lulcheva and Vasil Binev


Moments from the creation of the art installation “Victims without executioners”.


The installation “Victims without executioners” remained on display after the end of the two-day event and was visited by many citizens, provoking great interest and wide discussions


The art installation “Victims without executioners”


The REMEMBER project participants and partners actively participated in the setting up of the mobile exhibition during its visits to various locations around the country.



During all the events, the audience was highly engaged and took an active part in the discussions, which often lasted beyond the pre-planned time. The numerous contacts between people, the exchange of opinions and the creation of new friendships are some of the most valuable achievements of the REMEMBER project.




Participation: The hybrid event involved 217 people.
On place in the town of Belene participated 70 people: 68 participants from Bulgaria and 2 from Croatia.
In Zoom were involved 117 participants as follows: Bulgaria- 92, Canada-3, Germany-4, Austria -2, Belgium-1, Albania-1, USA-5, Romania-3, Netherlands-2, France-2, United Kingdom-1 and China-1.
30 students followed online the conference from Paris, France from one Zoom registration.

Location / Dates: Belene, Bulgaria, 23-24 October 2021 and online

Short description: The aim of the Conference was to attract previously unreached audiences and to mix participants with different backgrounds to discuss on the themes of totalitarianism and freedom from their different perspectives. The Conference took place in condition of Covid-19 restrictions. It was organized with simultaneous translation as a hybrid event on line in ZOOM and in Belene and it was also spread in FB page as a live event. More than 25 experts participated in the conference as lectors. 30 students from the Bulgarian school in Paris have organized group video participation in the conference online.

The conference was opened by President Petar Stoyanov (1997-2022) and Father Paolo Cortesi, parish priest of Belene. Andrey Kovachev, Member of the European Parliament, directly online from Brussels and Milen Dulev, Mayor of Belene welcomed the participants.

Here are some part of the conference panels:
“Culture as resistance. Everyday life and violence during the communist period” with participation of historians, writers and journalists;

“Communism & Trauma: Individual and socio-cultural trajectories” with the participation of psychoanalyst, artist, journalist and historian.

“Music during the plague” with participation of famous Bulgarian musicians. The panel was moderated by a popular music journalist Vassil Varbanov. The panel ended with musical performance of Vasko The Patch. The online streaming of this panel reached 10K people.

“Labor Camps and political prisons in Bulgaria, Albania, Romania and Croatia” with the participation of the partners in the project.

Each panel was followed by heated discussions, which continued and after the hours of the conference in an informal atmosphere. Many questions were also asked online and discussions continued even after the event was over.

The event was accompanied by the REMEMBER mobile exhibition.

More information: (17K people reached)
Live streaming of “Music during the plague” (10K people reached)


President Petar Stoyanov (1997-2002) opened the conference in Belene


Father Paolo Cortesi, host of the conference, gave a welcome address to the participants and guests


Bulgarian MEP Andrei Kovachev, participated in the conference with directly online from Brussels


A moment from the conference with the participation of (from left to right): Daniela Gorcheva – publisher and publicist, Krasimir Iliev – art historian, Vladimir Lavchev – writer, Prof. Evelina Kelbecheva – historian, Prof. Momchil Metodiev – historian.


A moment from the conference with the participation of (from left to right): Vasko the Patch, Borislav Yotsov-conductor and clarinetist, Vasil Gyurov (Revue), Vasil Varbanov-radio and TV presenter, prof. Petar Tsankov-composer, founder of Bandaratsy and Schurtsy


A moment from the conference with the guests from Croatia (from left to right): Darko Bavoljak-Director of Goli Otok Foundation, Goran Antunac- Goli Otok Foundation, Father Paolo Cortesi – host of the conference.



Participation: Until the end of the project, the event involved 4810 citizens and since then the number is increasing.
The mobile exhibition was visited by 3570 people: 3130 from Bulgaria, 120 from Germany, 320 from Romania.
The online virtual exhibition was seen by 1240 people from Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Albania and Croatia and the number is increasing – the exact distribution per country could not be followed.

Location / Dates:

  • Belene 15-20.10.2021;
  • International Conference in Hamburg, Germany, 20.11.2021, online
  • International Conference in American University in Bulgaria – AUBG, Blagoevgrad 14.04.2022-14.05.2022;
  • International Conference in Southwestern University “Neofit Rilski”, Blagoevgrad, 19.05.2022-06.06.2022;
  • Concert REMEMBER: Art for Freedom and Commemoration, Sofia 19-20.09.2022;
  • European Jazz Conference / Europe Jazz Network, Sofia 22-25.09.2022;
  • National Day of the commemoration of the victims-01.02 2023, Sofia, NDK;
  • Cathedral of St. Joseph, Sofia 01.02 2023-28.02.2023;
  • Pitesti Memorial, Romania 01-02.2023;
  • Conference in Jena, Germany, 12.11.2022.

Due to the interest, the schedule of exhibitions in the Cathedral of St. Joseph, Sofia and Pitesti Memorial, Romania is extended and the number of visitors increases.
Upcoming visits of the mobile exposition: Bulgarian Archives, New Bulgarian University, schools and others.

Short description: The mobile exhibition is visiting universities, conferences, municipalities, state administration buildings and different events, telling the stories about the Forbidden Music and the Fate of Musicians under Totalitarian Regimes in Former Socialist Countries. Often the exhibition is accompanied by lecture and performance of well-known musician, actors, historians and others. The films from the Virtual exhibition are taking part in different events and are spreading online via FB and YouTube.

It consists of:

  • Poster Exhibition:
    The exhibition consists of 20 posters with stories of musicians, repressed during the regime.
    Ten others posters (5 in English and 5 in Bulgarian) present former camp or prison in each of the partner countries:
    The camp on the island of Persin near Belene in Bulgaria;
    The Prison for Students in the city of Pitesti, Romania, known as the “Pitesti Experiment”;
    The camp on the island of Goli Otok in Croatia;
    The camp in Spac, Albania;
    The KGB prison in Potsdam, Germany.
    Ten of the posters are translated in English and printed in the partner countries.
  • Poster Exhibition: Music Behind the Iron Curtain (in partnership with New Bulgarian University) The exhibition contains 16 posters with drawings made by students of the NBU Interior Design program as a course assignment between 2020 and 2021. Since then, inspired from Remember project, NBU has made this course part of the university program.
  • Virtual exhibition: The exhibition comprises 10 short films. Five films present the five camps/prisons mentioned above and five films present the fate of repressed musicians in these countries.

More information:


REMEMBER mobile exhibition at the Belene Conference



REMEMBER mobile exhibition – guest of the American University in Bulgaria, on the occasion of the 30th anniversary celebrations of the University and within the 16th Fellowship of the Mind student Conference.


The exhibition was opened with presentation of the REMEMBER project and musical performances by Vasko the Patch and Dr. D on harmonica.


The REMEMBER project participants were invited to give additional lecture to the students of the American University.


REMEMBER mobile exhibition – guest of Southwest University “Neofit Rilski” in Blagoevgrad


The REMEMBER mobile exhibition – guest at the Final Concert at the Regional Centre for Contemporary Arts “Topocentrala”, Sofia


Hundreds of citizens of Belene visited the REMEMBER mobile exhibition on the central square during the Days of celebration of the town .


The exhibition was translated and printed by the project partners and visited their various events. In the photos, a moment from the conferences in Jena, Germany and in Hamburg, where representatives of the Belene Island Foundation talked about the REMEMBER project and the exhibition.


The exhibition as part of the cultural programme of the Pitessti Prison Memorial in Romania


The REMEMBER mobile exhibition – guest at the the European Jazz Conference held in Sofia in September 2022.


The exhibition, during the National Day of Commemoration of the Victims of Communism in front of the chapel at the National Palace of Culture in Sofia


The exhibition was presented at the St. Joseph Cathedral in Sofia on February 1, 20221 – National Day of Commemoration of the Victims of Communism. President Rosen Plevneliev (2012-2017) delivered a speech in memory of the victims.


Screening of the REMEMBER virtual exhibition: film about repressed musicians in Romania and the student film “My Idea of Socialism”


Presentation of NBU student course posters at various REMEMBER Project events


Participation: The event involved 140 citizens, including 138 from Bulgaria and 2 from Croatia

Location / Dates: Belene 24.10.2021

Short description: The stage performance was planned as the culmination of the National Remembrance day in Belene. Dew to Covid 19 restrictions the number of people had to be reduced only to the participants of the conference and students from the local schools. The participants commemorated the memory of the victims with speeches, music and literature reading .

The President of the “America for Bulgaria” Foundation, Nancy Schiller, and the Mayor of Belene, Milen Dulev, also participated in the event.
For the first time in the history of the former camp, the building of the so-called “hooligan period” was opened for visits. Here in 1959 were closed youths accused of listening to western music, wearing tight pants, short skirts and long hair. This was very moving not only for the musicians from the conference, whose music was banned during communism, but also for the young visitors.




Participants and guests of the conference, together with students from Belene schools, visited the former camp on Persin Island and paid tribute to the victims and.


The “hooligans” building, where in 1959, after a raid by the State Security Service with the code name “Lightning”, 1,700 young people aged 18-25 were imprisoned on the sole charge of listening to Western music and dressing according to the fashion trends of their Western peers.


Here are some impressions from the project:

Daniela Gorcheva – Publisher:
REMEMBER presents a part of the story of the recent past in an interesting format for young people. The project proved that through the universal language of art and music in particular, the narrative of the recent past attracts the attention of young people and provokes their participation in a broad discussion with researchers, historians, writers, musicians from different generations.

Malina Edreva – Deputy Sofia Mayor in charge of culture:
Project Remember has the full support of Sofia Municipality for its initiatives. Inspired by the unconventional approach to the theme of art as a form of resistance against the totalitarian communist regime and defending the freedom of spirit and speech, we initiated the four-day festival “Past not Past”, structured in 5 modules: cinema, music, literature, visual arts and discussions. The festival is a natural continuation of the cultural programme of the Remember project. Our ambition is to make it a traditional annual event that will continue the beginning of the Remember project.

Zornitsa Velinova, history teacher:
Thanks to the organizers of the REMEMBER project, students from our high school participated in an exciting discussion about the times of totalitarianism, together with people from different generations and professions. Complementing the information in history textbooks about this period through an extracurricular form of education is an invaluable way to fully acquire knowledge and make sense of events from times gone by. Presenting the era through the lives of repressed artists and musicians adds to the impact of the historical narrative and captures the attention of young people.

Vasko the Patch –famous BG musician:
The voice of the free artist is strong and has no limits. It is easily recognizable for all generations in all parts of the world. Therefore, artists often come under the blows of dictators. Through our music, we stand up for freedom of spirit and speech and on the REMEMBER project stage we met many friends and supporters. Long live Rock & Roll and freedom!

Dr. Svetlozar Vassilev, New Bulgarian University:
The topic of the trauma of totalitarianism is still neglected and little known in our society. The absence of the period 1944-1989 from the educational curriculum in schools creates a big gap between generations. Through the language of the arts, the Remember project has created a bridge between generations, pointed out a possible way for dialogue to take place and for the topic of the trauma of the totalitarian communist regime to become part of the public agenda.

Painout – youth rock band:
We thank the organizers for the invitation and for the wonderful playing conditions; to all groups and performers for professionalism; to Vasko The Patch for the great backstage discussions and advices. It was an interesting and different event and we are honoured to be part of it!

Svetoslav Nikolov – Director of Jazz FM:
The REMEMBER project compellingly tells the story of prominent artists in the music of different countries in order to affirm the moral values they held high in the public eye. Through the example of great personalities, it educates in freedom-loving, respect for the individual, and care for the community. It connects different peoples through our common history, invites us to get to know each other and together build a future as responsible people. Drawing parallels to modern times, the project shouts for courageous action and calls us to be active participants in society’s development.

Ena Day – visitor:
REMEMBER gathered on one stage different generations who have a relationship and personal experience with the “red boot” that enslaved us! They showed how powerful art can be and why communists feared it the most!!!.

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